the tsunami threat

Animals Need Protecting Animals are natural resources that people have wasted all through our history.Animals have been killed for their fur and feathers, for food, for sport, and simply because they were in the way. Thousands of kinds of animals have disappeared from the earth forever. Hundreds more are on the danger list today. About 170 kinds in the United States aloneare considered in danger.

  Why should people care? Because we need animals, and because once they are gone, there will never be any more.Animals are more than just beautiful or interesting. They are more than just a source of food. Every animal has its place in the balance of nature. Destroying one kind of animal can create many problems. For example, when farmers killed large numbers of hawks, the farmers stores of corn and grain were destroyed by rats and mice. Why? Because hawks eat rats and mice, with no hawks to keep down their numbers, the rats and mice multiplied quickly.

  Luckily, some people are working to help save the animals. Some groups raise money to let people know about the problem. And they try to get the governments to pass laws protecting animals in danger. Quite a few countries have passed laws. These laws forbid the killing of any animal or planton the danger list. Slowly, the number of some animals in danger is growing.

  中文:

  动要保护, 动物是自然资源,在整史过程中,人直在糟蹋着这种资源。人们杀死动物,获得它们的皮毛,把它们当作食物或运动方式,或者只是因为它们碍事。成千上万种动物已经从这个地球上永远地消失了。现在另外上百种动物也上了濒危动物名单。仅荚国大概就有170种被认为处于危险当中。

  为什么人们应该感到担忧呢?因为我们需要动物,因为它们一旦消失,就永远不会再出现。动物不仅仅是漂亮或有趣。它们不仅仅是人类的食物来源。在维持自然平衡中,每种动物都有其作用。毁灭某种动物会导致许多问题。比如,农民们如果杀死为数众多的鹰,他们谷物和粮食的仓库就会受到老鼠和田鼠的破坏。 为什么?因为鹰吃鼠类,没有鹰控制它们的数量,鼠类就会迅速繁殖。

  幸运的是,有些人正在努力帮助拯救这些动物。有些组织筹钱以便人们了解这一问题。他们也努力使政府通过保护濒危动物的法律。很多国家已经通过了法律。这些法律禁止杀害濒危名单上的动植物。某些濒危动物的数目正在慢慢地不断上升。
  地震:
  【一】May 12th is an ordinary day in 2008,itis in this day that shocking earthquake happened in Sichuan province,China.The earthquake destroyed nearly everything in Wenchan county Sichuan province. It was terrible.We cant describle the scene what we saw with any words.thousands of people were injured even died. And thousands of children became such unlucky ones who lost fathers or mothers , they longed to have families to continue their lives .I am sympathetic to their fate ! But I believed that we can fight against the fate and change it .For example ,there many people keeping living without food or water for about 100 hours during the earthquake! What an unbelievable thing it is !their great spirits showed the powerful life vitality of humans!However,they must keep fighting against the death .Many schools were destroyed and there were many students and teachers who left us forever.Sadness,hoplessness and different kinds of danger spreaded out here and there ! But ,fortunately ,love is around us :the Communist party helps us ,the army helps us ,the people all over the world help us .They offered us with money ,goods ,love and so on !For example ,li lian ji, a warm-hearted man ,offered us with 20 million yuan ! With the help of the such a large number of people with love ,we will overcome the difficulty of the earthquake and face our beautiful future !

  英语新闻:印尼地震海啸+火山爆发 死忙人数过百
  Indonesia hit by deadly tsunami, volcanic eruption
  A powerful earthquake has triggered a three-meter tsunami, that pounded remote island villages in western Indonesia, killing at least 113 people and leaving 500 more missing. But... the catastrophy did not come alone. On Tuesday, Indonesias most active volcano ALSO erupted, killing 18.
  The tsunami triggered by the 7.2 magnitude earthquake on Monday swept away hundreds of homes on the Mentawai islands of West Sumatra,killing at least 113 villagers. Up to 500 others are missing.
  Maman, Official Indonesian Disaster Agency, said, "A 7.2 Richter scale earthquake occurred Monday October 25th at 9.42 PM. The location was in Mentawai islands, West Sumatra, the depth of the epicenter is 10 kilometers. The villagers fleeing their homes are taking shelter in the mountains."
  Indonesias Mount Merapi volcano erupted on Tuesday, after scientists warned that pressure building beneath its dome could trigger the most powerful explosion in years.
  18 people have been killed and up to 20 injured. Survivors have been rescued and taken to hospital.
  Dr. Adi Mulyo, Panti Nugroho Hospital, said, "There are 18 injured people being treated in this hospital. All of them have severe burns, some with 40 to 90 percent burns."
  The eruption of the volcano forced thousands of villagers to stream off the high mountains, crowding into makeshift emergency shelters with straw sleeping mats and bags of clothes and food.
  People try to reach their relatives by mobile phone as they flee to higher ground
  in Padang, West Sumatra, on October 25, 2010. (Xinhua/AFP File Photo)
  Earlier, many had refused to budge, saying they wanted to tend to crops along the volcanos fertile slopes and protect their homes against looters.
  Authorities have been trying to evacuate more than 11,000 villagers, after the alert status was raised to the highest level.
  Indonesia, the worlds largest archipelago, is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activity due to its location on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire. There is a series of fault lines stretching from the western hemisphere through Japan and Southeast Asia.

  地震作文:What is earthquake?
  An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves(地震波). Earthquakes are recorded with a seismometer(地震检波器), also known as a seismograph(地震仪). The moment magnitude of an earthquake is conventionally reported, or the related and mostly obsolete Richter magnitude(里氏量级), with magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes being mostly imperceptible 感觉不到的 and magnitude 7 causing serious damage over large areas. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale(麦加利震级, 麦氏震级).

  At the Earths surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by a shaking and sometimes displacement (位移)of the ground. When a large earthquake epicenter (震中)is located offshore, the seabed sometimes suffers sufficient displacement to cause a tsunami(海啸). The shaking in earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally volcanic activity.

  In its most generic sense, the word earthquake is used to describe any seismic event—whether a natural phenomenon or an event caused by humans—that generates seismic waves. Earthquakes are caused mostly by rupture(破裂, 裂开) of geological faults(断层), but also by volcanic activity, landslides, mine blasts, and nuclear experiments.

  An earthquakes point of initial rupture is called its focus or hypocenter. The term epicenter means the point at ground level directly above this.

  关于火山的英语作文
  Why does Tazieff risk his life like this?
  Haroun Tazieff, the Polish scientist, has spent his lifetime studying active volcanoes and deep caves in all parts of the world. In 1948, he went to Lake Kivu in the Congo to observe a new volcano which he later named Kituro. Tazieff was able to set up his camp very close to the volcano while it was erupting violently. Though he managed to take a number of brilliant photographs, he could not stay near the volcano for very long. He noticed that a river of liquid rock was coming towards him. It threatened to surround him completely, but Tazieff managed to escape just in time. He waited until the volcano became quiet and he was able to return two days later. This time, he managed to climb into the mouth of Kituro so that he could take photographs and measure temperatures. Tazieff has often risked his life in this way. He has been able to tell us more about active volcanoes than any man alive.
  New words and expressions 生词和短语
  volcano n. 火山
  active adj. 活动的
  Kivu n. 基伍湖
  Congo n. 刚果
  Kituro n. 基图罗
  erupt v. (火山)喷发
  violently adv. 猛烈地,剧烈地
  manage v. 设法
  brilliant adj. 精彩的
  liquid adj. 液态的
  escape v. 逃跑
  live adj. 活着的
  参考译文
  波兰科学家哈罗恩.塔捷耶夫花了毕生的精力来研究世界各地的活火山和探洞。1948年他去了刚果的基伍湖,对一座后来被他命名为基图罗的新火山进行观察。当火山正在猛烈地喷发时,塔捷耶夫有办法把帐篷搭在离它非常近的地方。尽管他设法拍了一些十分精彩的照片,但他却不能在火山附近停留太长的时间。他发现有一股岩浆正向他流过来,眼看就要将他团团围住,但塔捷耶夫还是设法及时逃离了。他等到火山平静下来,两天以后又返回去。这次他设法爬进了基图罗火山口,以便能拍摄照片和测试温度。塔捷耶夫经常冒这样的生命危险。他能告诉我们的有关活火山的情况比任何在世的人都要多。可不可以些保护 环境 的??Thoughts after reading The Wizard of Oz
read some book called < bookworm >, it was written by L.Frank Baum,

the famous United States writers. He wrote lots of wonderful novels

.One of the most famous is the Wizard of Oz.This book stresses: a girl

named Dorothy, was taken to another world tornado, she met a need for

thinking of the Scarecrow. A need for Heart of the tin man and need the

courage of lion.They defeated abhorrent Witch.Finally get the things

they want.Dorothy returned to their homes.This fairy tale story of

breathtaking twists and turns, praised the kindness, courage and the

quality of fraternity and mutual help, ideal for the spirit of

persistent struggle, is always worthy of our study.With human beings on Earth since then, we continue to evolve at the same time has been hurt those lovely animals. They did not at fault, they are only in accordance with the laws of nature live in peace. But since the existence of mankind , their homes become increasingly small. Some animals have even become extinct.

In the extinction of animal, the thylacine is the worst. Thylacine in a long time ago to live in the vast prairie, they have been very happy, carefree. Since the arrival of human beings have changed their lives. Due to the large number of human enclosure, livestock grass makes less and less change to many herbivores to move to other grasslands. This herbivorous animals to eat the wolf bag, there is no food. They steal human animals. Farmers would hate the wolf from the bag, see a killing one, on this last one wild thylacine was also killed. When people should be aware of extinct thylacine, the protection of the park began last a thylacine, it thylacine only 48 days before the final days. And 48 days later, the Forever thylacine disappeared from the Earth, the Forever!

Of course, not all animals are extinct human killing, some changes in the environment are not suited extinction. However, the extinction of some animals, human beings have an unshirkable responsibility. Since ancient times human beings have been cruel to those animals alone, human deprivation of their right to live.

Now seems to have been aware of the extinction of an animal hazards. In order to make money, what people are willing to do so, they sell fur animals, shopping malls, the meat of animals sold to restaurants. But we can not shirk all responsibility to the heads of traders, consumers also have the responsibility, if there is no consumer demand then the traders will not take the risk. Human beings are still eating wild animals. For example: the snake. If the extinction of the snakes, rats would wantonly breeding, then how do we ... ...

So each has its biological significance of the existence, they are in the natural law of survival. If a broken food chain, then another will wantonly breeding animals, and even a threat to humanity, we bear in mind the protection of animals. The protection of animals is to protect human beings themselves!

参考译文:
自从地球上有了人类以后们在不断地发展进化的同时也在不断的伤害着那些可爱的动物们.他们没有过错,他们只是根据自然界的法则和平的生活着.可是自从有了人类的存在,他们的家园变的越来越小.有些动物甚至已经灭绝了.

在灭绝的动物里,袋狼算是最惨的了。在很久以前袋狼生活在广阔的大草原上,它们过的很快活,无忧无虑。自从人类的到来改变了它们的生活。由于人类的大量圈地,饲养牲畜使得绿草变地越来越少,许多食草动物迁徙到别的草原上。这样以草食性动物为食的袋狼就没有了食物。它们便去偷人类饲养的动物。农场主便痛恨起了袋狼,见一个杀一个,就这样最后一只野生袋狼也被杀死了。当人们意识到袋狼就要灭绝时,才开始保护公园里的最后一只袋狼,这只袋狼才过了最后48天的好日子。而48天后,袋狼永远的从地球上消失了,永远的!

当然不是所有灭绝的动物都是人类杀死,有的是不适应环境的变化而灭绝的.但是某些动物的灭绝,人类有着不可推卸的责任。人类自古以来就一直残忍地对待着那些动物们,人类剥夺了它们生活的权利.

现在人们似乎还没有意识到一种动物的灭绝的危害。为了赚钱人什么都愿意做,他们把动物的皮毛卖到商场,把动物的肉卖到餐馆。但是我们不能把一切责任都推卸到商贩的头上,消费者也有责任,如果没有消费者的需求那么商贩也不会铤而走险。人类还在吃着野生动物。比如:蛇。如果蛇灭绝了,老鼠会大肆繁殖,到那时候我们该怎么办……

因此每一种生物都有它存在的意义,它们都在以自然的法则生存。如果生物链的一头断了,那么另一种动物就会大肆繁殖,甚至威胁到人类,大家记住保护动物。保护动物就是保护人类自己!

选我吧...............Thoughts after reading The Wizard of Oz
read some book called < bookworm >, it was written by L.Frank Baum,

the famous United States writers. He wrote lots of wonderful novels

.One of the most famous is the Wizard of Oz.This book stresses: a girl

named Dorothy, was taken to another world tornado, she met a need for

thinking of the Scarecrow. A need for Heart of the tin man and need the

courage of lion.They defeated abhorrent Witch.Finally get the things

they want.Dorothy returned to their homes.This fairy tale story of

breathtaking twists and turns, praised the kindness, courage and the

quality of fraternity and mutual help, ideal for the spirit of

persistent struggle, is always worthy of our study.
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